As part of its efforts, the UK`s CO2 emissions have fallen by 29% over the past decade to 354 million tonnes. The country`s commitment is important because it is the fifth highest CO2 emitter in the world and will require a major strategic abandonment of coal in its domestic energy production. A number of countries, including the United Kingdom, have committed to moving to a zero net emission economy. It is a response to climate science, which shows that CO2 emissions must be stopped to stop climate change – their reduction is not enough. « Zero net » means that all emissions are offset by absorbing an equivalent amount of the atmosphere. Notes: Germany`s first major climate law came into force in December 2019, which details annual sectoral emissions budgets for the next decade and establishes a committee of experts. It was supported by a political package including carbon prices for transport and buildings, a controversial exit from coal and support for electric vehicles. The introduction of the law stipulates that Germany will « continue » the neutrality of greenhouse gases until 2050. So far, countries` individual plans to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions have not met the Paris Agreement targets. Even if each country meets its current commitments, the world will still be on track to warm by more than 3oC this century, according to the latest UN Environment Programme Emissions Gap Report, released before the anniversary. And many of these commitments are not yet supported by government action. Comments: In December 2020, in its national proposal to the United Nations, Nepal said it wanted to achieve net zero emissions by 2050 by investing more in renewable energy, electric transport and reforestation. Nepal`s per capita CO2 emissions are among the lowest in the world, but the country is highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change.
Glaciers in Nepal`s Himalayas have lost nearly half a metre of ice every year since the turn of the century, and floods and landslides are common. Just days before France achieved the feat, the United Kingdom had been the first G7 country to legislate on net zero greenhouse gas emissions until 2050. The UK has announced a new emissions reduction target of 68% by 2030. To achieve this goal, the UK needs to double its efforts over the past three decades.