Which Term Describes The Agreement For Self-Government By The Pilgrims

A brief contract was drawn up to address this problem, later known as the Mayflower Compact, which promised collaboration among the settlers, « for the good of the colony to which we all promise the submission and obedience they need. » She organized them into a so-called « civilian politician, » in which the issues would be decided by voting, the main element of democracy. It was ratified by majority, 41 adult male pilgrims signed [41] for the 102 passengers (73 men and 29 women). In the enterprise were 19 male servants and three female maids, with some sailors and craftsmen hired for short-term service to the colony. [42] At that time, John Carver was elected the first governor of the colony. Carver chartered the Mayflower and his is the first signing on the Mayflower Compact, the group`s most respected and richest member. The Mayflower Compact is considered one of the seeds of American democracy and a source has called it the world`s first written constitution. [43] [44] [45]:90-91[46] Before leaving the ship, the pilgrims decided to enter into an agreement to connect them and the « foreigners » and ensure that all in the new colony followed the same laws. The result, a document designed and signed by almost all adult male passengers on board the ship, would be known as the Mayflower Compact. In the midst of these negotiations, William Brewster was involved in the religious unrest that erupted in Scotland. In 1618, King James had announced the Five Perth Articles, considered in Scotland as an attempt to encroach on their Presbyterian tradition. Brewster published several pamphlets that criticized the law and were smuggled into Scotland until April 1619.

These leaflets date back to Leiden and the English authorities were unable to arrest Brewster. British Ambassador Dudley Carleton became aware of the situation and began pushing the Dutch government to extradite Brewster, and the Dutch responded by arresting Thomas Brewer, the financier, in September. Brewster`s whereabouts remain unknown between the withdrawal of the settlers, but the Dutch authorities seized the play materials with which he had printed his leaflets. Meanwhile, Brewer was sent to England for questioning, where he masoned government officials until 1620. He was eventually convicted in England for his continued religious publishing activities and sentenced to 14 years in prison in 1626. [30] In search of the right to worship as they pleased, the pilgrims had signed a contract with the Virginia Company to settle on land near the Hudson River, which was then to rehabilitate part of northern Virginia. Virginia Company was a commercial enterprise chartered by King James I to colonize parts of the east coast of the New World. London shareholders financed the pilgrimage by understanding that they would repay the profits of the new colony. Extensive exploration of the area was delayed by more than two weeks because the Sono or Pinnace (a smaller sailboat) they were bringing had been partially dismantled to accommodate aboard the Mayflower and continued to be damaged during transport.

However, the smaller parties waded on the beach to fetch firewood and take care of long delayed personal hygiene.