5. At the end of each reference period, a Minister of the Crown must submit a report to each Parliament detailing how often the Joint Committee was communicated during the reference period under Section 169, paragraph 1 of the Withdrawal Agreement (notification of consultation in the Joint Committee on the Interpretation and Application of the Withdrawal Agreement). After both chambers approved the legislation, he obtained royal approval on January 23. Royal Assent is the approval of the monarch to include the bill in an Act of Parliament (Law). The EU-27 (with the exception of the UK) notes that sufficient progress has been made in Phase 1. This means that phase 2 of the negotiations can begin. In Phase 2, the EU and the UK continue to negotiate the withdrawal agreement. But they are also beginning to discuss a transition period and explore their future relationship. (a) all these rights, powers, obligations, obligations and restrictions from time to time created or created by or under the withdrawal agreement, as well as the functions of co-chair of the United Kingdom Joint Committee, in accordance with Schedule VIII of the Withdrawal Agreement (procedure rules of the Joint Committee and Specialized Commissions), are exercised personally by a Minister of the Crown (and therefore can be appointed only one Minister of the Crown as an alternate Article 1, paragraph 3. 3. Subsection 4 applies when the European Court of Justice has ruled at the request of an arbitration panel in accordance with Article 174, paragraph 1 of the withdrawal agreement (request for a decision by the European Court of Justice on certain issues raised by a dispute before arbitration).
3. Subsection (4) applies when, due to a change in the European Union`s DST regime, the transition or implementation period under Part 4 of the withdrawal agreement ends at a different day or period from the definition of « ip date » of subsection 1. The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. On 22 October 2019, the House of Commons agreed, by 329 votes to 299, to give a second reading to the revised withdrawal agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month), but when the accelerated timetable it had proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the law would be overturned.   b) Articles 158 and 160 of the Withdrawal Agreement (jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice with respect to Part 2 and certain provisions of Part 5 of the Agreement), 15 January 2019, the House of Commons voted by 230 votes against the Brexit withdrawal agreement, the largest vote against the UK government in history.  The government may survived a vote of confidence the next day.  On March 12, 2019, the House of Commons voted 149 votes against the agreement, the fourth-biggest defeat of the government in the history of the House of Commons.  A third vote on the Brexit withdrawal agreement, widely expected on 19 March 2019, was rejected by the House of Commons spokesman on 18 March 2019, on the basis of a parliamentary convention of 2 April 1604, which prevented British governments from forcing the House of Commons to vote several times on a subject already voted on by the House of Commons.    An abbreviated version of the withdrawal agreement, in which the annex political statement had been withdrawn, consisted of the test of « substantial amendments, » so that a third vote was held on 29 March 2019, but was rejected by 58 votes.
 Parliament will have to approve any future relationship agreement.